Blind and Prosthetic Eyes
Blind and painful eyes, eyes with severe infections, and eyes with cancerous tumors may require surgical removal. This typically requires removing part of the eye (evisceration) or the entire eye (enucleation) and placing an orbital implant (a sphere made of silicone, polyethylene or hydroxyapatite) inside the eye socket. The sphere is then attached to the muscles that move the eye so it may move in conjunction with the seeing eye, and the skin of the eye socket (conjunctiva) is closed over the implant. After patients heal from this surgery a custom-made artificial (prosthetic) eye, shaped like a wide, thick contact lens, is placed into the eye socket.
What is Evisceration?
Evisceration is a surgery that removes the contents of the eye (the cornea, iris, lens, retina and vitreous) but leaves the white part of the eye (the sclera) attached to the muscles that move the eye.
What is an Enucleation?
Enucleation is a surgery that removes the entire eye. This is the preferred surgery for patients with cancerous or possibly cancerous tumors inside the eye.
What is an Ocularist?
An ocularist is a highly trained professional who specializes in the creation of artificial (prosthetic) eyes.